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Roofing Terminology: Glossary of Common Roofing Terms


Nine Common Roofing Terms Every Exton, PA,
Homeowner Should Know

Having a basic understanding of common roofing terms can be very beneficial for Exton, PA, homeowners. Knowing the meaning of these different words and phrases can help you make more informed decisions regarding residential roofing vulnerabilities and the necessary repairs. 

It can also help save you money by avoiding costly misunderstandings that arise when discussing roofing projects with local contractors. 

This article will provide an overview of the essential roofing terms every homeowner should know.

House In Exton, PA, With Asphalt Roofing

Roofing Terms  

Knowing the industry lingo can save you time and money when discussing options with your roofing contractor. Every homeowner should know and understand these roofing terms. 

1. Shingles  

Roofing shingles are individual pieces of material laid in overlapping rows on top of your Chester County home. 

They are typically rectangular and come in various forms, including:

  • Asphalt
  • Fiberglass
  • Slate
  • Clay. 

Shingles are a crucial part of any residential roofing system, as they provide protection from the elements, protect the structural integrity of the decking, and enhance the appearance of a building. 

They’re also the most affordable option for roofing, making them a popular choice for Exton, PA, homeowners. When installed correctly by trained professionals,  roofing shingles can last for decades, making them an investment that pays for itself in the long run.

2. Underlayment  

Underlayment is a material layer applied directly to the roof deck before installing the shingles. It provides a waterproof barrier between the deck and the shingles, protecting the roof from moisture, wind, and extreme temperatures

It also helps to reduce the risk of ice dams forming in winter weather, which can cause leaking and water damage

Manufacturers typically make underlayments with asphalt-saturated felt, rubberized asphalt, or non-bituminous synthetics. This extra layer of protection can increase insulation, saving Exton, PA, homeowners money on their utility bills. 

3. Flashing  

Flashing is a thin sheet of metal or other impervious material that contractors install on your residential roofing system to prevent water from entering your home. 

It’s usually placed around the roof’s edges, chimneys, and anywhere you find a gap. Roof flashing is essential to protect a property from water damage and interior flooding because it seals any areas where moisture or rain can enter the architectural space. 

Without roof flashing, moisture can fill the home and cause significant damage to the structure. 

4. Roof Pitch  

A roof pitch measures the angle of the slope horizontally. It’s vital to know this term when hiring a contractor because the roof pitch determines the type of materials, cost, and labor required for various projects. 

The angle’s steepness determines the complexity and price; some materials are better suited for steeper pitches than others. 

5. Ridge Cap  

A ridge cap is a type of residential roofing material that Chester County homeowners use to cover the ridge of their roofs, the peak where two sloped ceilings meet at the top. 

It helps to keep water from entering the roof’s ridge, providing a seal that prevents leaks and mold growth. This material also helps to protect your home from storm damage, as well as control internal temperatures in the summertime. 

In addition, ridge caps can also provide insulation, reducing energy costs on your monthly utility bills

6. Gutter Guards  

Gutter guards are crucial to your water drainage system because they keep leaves, debris, and other large objects from entering your gutters and blocking water flow. 

This function can 

  • Prevent flooding 
  • Reduce clogged gutters
  • Avoid mold and mildew growth caused by water buildup.

Gutter guards also help to protect your roof and siding from damage caused by rainwater runoff. Installing gutter guards will help you save money in the long run by avoiding costly repairs and maintenance. 

7. Roof Replacement  

A residential roofing replacement is the process of completely removing the existing roof of your Exton, PA, home and replacing it with a new one. 

This project is typically necessary when an existing roof is old, damaged, or leaking. A replacement can be a complex job, involving a lot of time and money, but it can also be highly beneficial for the homeowner.

Installing new roofing can help protect your home from the elements, adding extra insulation and repairing the vulnerabilities of the old structure.

When deciding if a roof replacement is necessary, getting an inspection from a professional roofer is essential. These trained contractors will look for signs of weathered or worn material and give an estimate of how much it would cost to replace the roof. 

They may also suggest some simple repairs instead of a complete replacement

8. Roof Maintenance  

Roof maintenance is the practice of inspecting, cleaning, and repairing the top of your home. Maintaining the condition of your roofing is crucial because it protects your property from the elements, prevents water from entering the interior, and can extend the roof’s lifespan. 

Regular maintenance can also identify and fix minor problems before they become more significant and expensive to repair, like broken or curled shingles, clogged gutters, and damaged flashing. 

The Benefits Of Knowing Common Roofing Terms  

Knowing these terms can be highly beneficial, as it can help you better understand the roofing process and make informed decisions. 

Some of the benefits of knowing common roofing jargon include the following: 

  • Improved communication with contractors and architects
  • Greater accuracy in estimating the cost of roofing projects 
  • Easier understanding of roofing-related documents such as plans and specifications 
  • Improved ability to spot roofing issues when they occur
  • Greater insight into the details of a roofing job, including the materials and techniques used 
  • Improved confidence in making decisions about roofing projects without all the uncertainty 

We’re Here For All Your Exton, PA, Roofing Needs And Questions  

At Best Contracting, we have a customer-centric approach that guarantees you’ll be satisfied with any project we complete for you. 

Our team consists of highly-qualified and skilled roofing contractors with years of experience and countless five-star reviews. 

Contact us or call us today at (717) 283-4524, and we’ll help you create a safe and secure home with our premium roofing services! 


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